Tuesday, February 23, 2021

The Fury of the Volcano Giant: Sicily’s “Mount Etna” coexists with the fate of erupting natural disasters | The past 24 hours | udn Global


2021/02/23 Corner 24 hours


The city of Catania when Mount Etna erupted this year.Photo/Associated Press

▌The Fury of the Volcano Giant: Sicily’s “Mount Etna” coexists with the fate of erupting natural disasters

“As long as the giant tries to break free, the volcano will erupt…”ItalyMount Etna on the east coast of Sicily has erupted four times in the past six days-fiery red lava poured out along the crater, ash enveloped the sky, and even its volcanic lava was ejected into the air for 700 kilometers. The height of the foot. Fortunately, no major losses or casualties have been caused so far, only the airport has been temporarily closed due to flight safety issues. Mount Etna, at an altitude of 3,326 meters, is located at the intersection of the Eurasian and African plates. It used to be known as one of the “active volcanoes with the most eruptions in the world.” Facing a volcano that erupts from time to time, how do the residents of Catania at the foot of the mountain live with it?

The eruption history of Mount Etna can be traced back to 1500 BC, and because of the frequent eruption history of the volcano, including the most detailed records in the field of volcanic research, unique lava flows and craters, it is It was listed as a World Heritage Site in 2013.

Although the active volcano Etna erupts very frequently, fortunately, it rarely caused any major casualties in the past. Since the eruption was already anticipated, the government authorities stated that it would not pose a serious threat to the nearby areas, but would also closely observe the conditions of the nearby towns at the foot of the volcano just in case.

The city of Catania when Mount Etna erupted this year.Photo/Associated Press
The city of Catania when Mount Etna erupted this year.Photo/Associated Press

The particularity of Mount Etna has also attracted countless scholars to explore and study.Photo/Reuters
The particularity of Mount Etna has also attracted countless scholars to explore and study.Photo/Reuters

The site of this volcanic eruption is located in the city of Catania (the capital of Catania Province) on the east coast of the Sicily Peninsula. The city is located at the foot of Mount Etna. The life of the residents is closely related to the volcano. Although the authorities have stated that the eruption has no major impact for the time being, residents of Pedara, another municipality in Catania province—about 15 kilometers from Mount Etna—have a different view. Think this eruption is unusual.

According to the Associated Press, residents of Pedara Town pointed out that the eruption not only spewed volcanic ash, but also large volcanic rocks. “This is a stone rain that I have never seen in my life.” He pointed out that in terms of the extent of the volcanic eruption, the town is considered to be in a state of emergency. “The whole village of Pedala is full of volcanic ash and pyroclastic.” However, in response to many past experiences, local residents have quickly started the aftermath, except Sweeping streets full of volcanic ash, also prohibits locomotives and speed limit cars, and speeds up the cleaning work.

Frequent volcanic eruptions have created a surprising ability for local residents, which may also be related to the history of dealing with disasters in the past. According to records, the serious eruptions recorded in the history of Mount Etna were in 1169 and 1669. At that time, under the dual threat of volcanic eruption and earthquake, Catania almost fell into a crisis of extinction, and people who could have escaped the city In the end, they all chose to stay to save Catania and survive the volcanic crisis again and again, and this time was no exception.

 Photo/European News Agency
Photo/European News Agency

Mount Etna and Catania paintings in the 17th century.Photo/Wikimedia Commons
Mount Etna and Catania paintings in the 17th century.Photo/Wikimedia Commons

Facing the volcanic eruption that resembles the scene of the last days, people who have lived on this land for a long time have also developed various volcanic myths of different systems. With the passing of time and space, Mount Etna’s imagination inspired by people’s hearts makes the relevant legends not only a narrative, but also an interpretation of the fate of how people adapt to nature and live with disasters for thousands of years.

The most famous legends of Mount Etna are all related to “giants”. In ancient Greek mythology, volcanoes and giants are always inseparable. Long before Zeus and other Olympus gods came to the land, there were ancient Titan giants entrenched in the world; among them was named “Typhon” (Typhon, also translated) Typhon) is a giant symbolizing the storm, with hundreds of dragon heads, indescribable sounds of strange beasts, the incarnation of earth-shaking disasters, even the gods are afraid of fear, but Zeus and Athena have the courage to fight the wind.

After a decisive battle with Zeus, Tai Feng was finally smashed by the lightning of the gods, and he would never turn back under Mount Etna. However, the surviving Thai wind has not given up his heart, and has been trying to break free from the suppression of the volcano for a long time. Whenever this attacking giant is furious, it is a disaster moment of volcanic eruption. The other is that Enceladus, the giant against Zeus, was sealed here after being defeated by Athena. The story line is based on the battle between the Titan giant and the Olympus gods.

There is a follow-up to this volcano myth. It is said that the volcanic eruption caused by the struggle of the Thai wind is difficult to dispel. Zeus sent Hephaestus, the god of flame and forging (the Roman name Vulcan, which is the origin of the English volcano), and asked him to use Egypt. Turner Volcano is used as a furnace for ironing, using its flames and magma to forge magical soldiers, so as to suppress the rebellious giants under the mountain.

Mount Etna is mixed with the myth of giants and iron smelting, and it also reveals the “natural gift” brought by the volcanic terrain. The city of Catania at the foot of the mountain, although many fields were turned into uncultivated wilderness due to the volcano, the soil was rich in minerals due to the volcanic ash, which became an excellent environment for wine making and later became an important industrial town. Provides corresponding natural conditions.

Affected by the volcanic ashes, Catania’s buildings have been covered with a faint black layer over time, and they have been nicknamed the “Black City”; the local building stone has become the unique symbol of Catania. No matter how many times it has been destroyed, Catania can always be reborn under Mount Etna-the wrath of the ancient giant has not yet subsided, but it has also allowed generations of mortals to learn to live with nature.

 Photo/Reuters
Photo/Reuters

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