Tuesday, February 23, 2021

The path to a nuclear deal: will the US make concessions


Led by Joe Biden the US administration is determined to “revive” the nuclear deal with Iran. Earlier, Washington insisted that it was Tehran who should make the first move, but the Iranian leadership expects the same from the new American leader.

Now the representatives of the United States are ready to make some concessions. At least – on the issue of starting the negotiation process. Assistant to the President for National Security Jake Sullivan issued a new statement in which he noted that Biden is open for diplomatic discussion of the issue.

The international editorial staff of the Federal News Agency examined the prospects for the return of the United States and Iran to a nuclear deal and the possible consequences of a compromise.

Biden is ready to sit down at the negotiating table

Speaking on television, Sullivan emphasized that the US head is now determined to discuss with the Iranian side how the restrictions on uranium enrichment and the nuclear program can be restored.

“The US President intends to restrain Iran in obtaining nuclear weapons. He believes diligent, shrewd diplomacy is the best way to do this, ”the American official said on the air of CBS.

The return of the nuclear deal with Iran was one of the first promises of the new American administration trying to “undo” the legacy of the previous US president. Donald Trump.

Trump in Iran

As head of the White House, Trump went on the offensive and unilaterally terminated the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) agreement, the provisions of which regulated the limitation of Iran’s nuclear program.

Terms of the nuclear deal

The withdrawal from the agreement was phased. Back in October 2017, Trump said that a prisoner under his predecessor Barack Obama the agreement is not in the interests of the United States. In doing so, he pointed to Iranian missile launches, which, he said, violated the deal.

He signed the order on the withdrawal of the United States from the JCPOA in 2018. Iran, in turn, agreed to terminate the fulfillment of certain conditions of the JCPOA and increased the level of uranium enrichment.

Nuclear deal with Iran

Following this, relations between the two countries worsened significantly, which was facilitated by the sanctions imposed by the United States, the assassination of the IRGC General by American forces Qasema Suleimani and other events.

Timeline of worsening relations between Iran and the United States

Changing the political vector

The new head of the White House, Joe Biden, has already voiced a desire to revise the country’s entire Middle East policy as a whole. By doing so, he probably hopes to gain a favorable reputation by exploiting the contrast between his own intentions and the decisions of his predecessor.

Changes in US Middle East Policy under Joe Biden

In the speeches of representatives of the American leadership, Iran still appears as one of the main threats. Nevertheless, the Biden administration is trying to reform relations with the Islamic Republic to some extent, and on this path begins with a transition from aggressive pressure to diplomacy.

At the very beginning of the work, the American leader announced his intentions to achieve an updated, expanded and longer-term nuclear deal.

However, Biden is not going to lift the sanctions yet, since they are Washington’s main lever of pressure on Tehran. He also noted that he did not plan to take the first step to restart the relationship and abandon restrictions.

Tehran, on the other hand, does not show any intention to make any amendments to the JCPOA document. According to Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad ZarifaBefore launching such initiatives, the American leadership should recall its obligations under this treaty.

One side will have to make a move

The irreconcilable position of the two sides has so far not allowed the situation to get off the ground. Since Washington was the first to retreat from the terms of the JCPOA, it should be the first to return to the agreement, Tehran believes. They note that only a decrease in external economic pressure can convince them of the US’s real intentions.

“If they want Iran’s return [к ядерной сделке], The US should lift sanctions. We will check it, and if everything is done correctly, we will return to complying with our obligations ”, – said in early February the supreme leader of the Islamic Republic Ali Khamenei.

For its part, the United States demands real action and guarantees from the Islamic Republic, whose actions, according to Western politicians, threaten international security.

Is the ice broken?

At first glance, the latest speech by Biden’s aide may seem like concessions from the United States.

“Biden is ready to sit down at the negotiating table with Iran to discuss how we can return to restrictions on the Iranian nuclear program. This proposal is valid, ”said US Assistant to the President Jake Sullivan.

Earlier, the news agency Bloomberg, citing its sources, reported that the Joe Biden administration is now looking for new options to ease the financial situation of Iran while maintaining sanctions.

At the same time, some experts believe that very little time is left before the softening of economic restrictions.

“Easing sanctions is definitely on the way. Not today or tomorrow. But it is on its way, ”a source told The Times.

The path to a nuclear deal: will the US make concessions

The beginning of the negotiation process, of course, may indicate a possible improvement in relations between Washington and Tehran. However, this does not exclude the possibility that in the process of discussing the revival of the JCPOA, the parties will continue to defend their principles and demand from each other the fulfillment of the terms of the agreement reached earlier.

“There is a hard work ahead. Now neither side will concede, because this can be regarded as a manifestation of weakness, “said earlier Alexander Maryasov, the former Russian ambassador to Iran.

In this case, it remains to hope only for the prudence of the parties and the willingness to reach a compromise beneficial to all negotiators. In this situation, a step towards diplomacy can still be turned for the benefit of political reputation.

A country that decides to take the first step can acquire the status of a peacemaker, which initiated the peace process that significantly reduced international tension.





#path #nuclear #deal #concessions

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