February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 311 days left until the end of the year. In the XX and XXI centuries, this day corresponds to February 10 of the Julian calendar.
February 23 – World Day of Understanding and Peace / photo pixabay.com
What a holiday 23 february 2021
On this day, the world celebrates the World Day of Understanding and Peace, Diesel Engine Day, World Pet Sterilization Day, International Dog Cookie Day.
In the USA – Curling Day, Banana Bread Day, Tennis Day, Tile Day, Rationalization Day, in Japan – Emperor’s Birthday, in Tajikistan – Armed Forces Day, in Guyana – Republic Day, in Brunei – Independence Day, in Canada – Day of Agriculture, in India – Day of fasting and spiritual practices “Bhaimi Ekadashi”.
Memorable dates 23 February, anniversaries and events
Read alsoWeekend in March: how long will Ukrainians have a rest in the first month of springIn 1874, on February 23, English major Walter Wingfield patented the game he called “Sphairistike”, now known as tennis. The word “tennis” supposedly comes from the French tenez – “here you take it.” By the way, even the ancient Greeks and Romans had a game in which the ball was beaten off with a hand or a stick. But the prototype of tennis is the game “jidoko” that existed in 13-14 centuries in Italy, France and England: in it, a ball jumping over a net was hit by a mitten, a wooden shield or a leather belt put on the hand. Jidoko was played in halls and open-air venues. At the beginning of the 16th century, rackets began to be used in the game. Leather balls, which were played in those days, were stuffed with sawdust, rags, and grass. They could only bounce off a hard surface. With the advent of rubber balls, playing on the grass became possible. In 1872, the first club of this game was founded on the lawn of the Limngton resort by the Portuguese Hoa Pereira, Frederic Haynes and Wellesley Tomkinson. But the British Army officer Walter Wingfield in 1873 developed a model court for playing “spherical”. In December of the same year, he published a brochure with the rules of the game “Spheristics, or Lawn Tennis”. And on February 23, 1874, Walter Wingfield received a patent for the court. With the development of the game, the conditions in which it took place changed, and the clothes of the players evolved a lot. It was only in the early 1930s that men were allowed to perform in short trousers and women in short skirts. At the same time, Saudi Arabia, which has been broadcasting from Wimbledon for more than 20 years, has not yet shown a single match with the participation of women. And the gallant French, nevertheless, did not allow the representatives of the beautiful half of humanity to compete in the French championship until 1928. Today tennis is an Olympic sport and the favorite game of many famous people.
On February 23, 1959, the First Session of the ECHR opened in Strasbourg / photo REUTERS
In 1893, German engineer and inventor Rudolf Diesel received a patent for a diesel plant.
In 1903, Cuba gave the Guantanamo base to the United States on perpetual lease.
In 1905, lawyer Paul Percy Harris founded the world’s first Rotary Club in Chicago. It is now the international community. The main goal is to unite professionals and businessmen for the implementation of humanitarian projects, the development of high ethical standards in the professional field.
In 1941, plutonium was first obtained.
In 1947, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) was founded.
In 1953, 14,000 World War II deserters were amnestied in England.
On February 23, 1959, the First Session of the ECHR, established in accordance with the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, drawn up back in 1950 by the Council of Europe, opened in Strasbourg. The ECHR consisted of 46 judges holding a six-year mandate from the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE). The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) is an international body whose jurisdiction extends to all member states of the Council of Europe (today there are 47 states) that have ratified the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, and includes all issues related to the interpretation and application Conventions, including interstate cases and individual complaints. The ECHR currently consists of 47 judges. They are elected for a nine-year term and cannot be re-elected. The activities of the High Court for the protection of the norms of the above Convention were highly appreciated by the world community. But, as one of the judges joked, the ECHR “became a victim of its own success” and after the historic changes that shook Eastern Europe at the turn of the 1980s and 1990s, it began to experience difficulties in considering the growing stream of complaints. In this regard, at the end of 1998 the court had to be significantly reformed in order to radically increase “labor productivity”.
In 1993, the Ruby programming language was created.
What a church holiday today
On February 23, Orthodox Christians pray to Prokhor Pechersky that spring will come faster and there will be no severe frosts. And today it is customary to pray to Harlampius of Magnesia. He keeps people from sudden death, when a person did not even have time to repent. He is asked to get rid of such a fate and help get rid of various troubles. He is also considered the patron saint of officials. If today we begin to treat a serious and serious illness, it will soon recede.
What cannot be done today
Men shouldn’t work hard physically. Also, you cannot give your beloved a watch and socks – to parting. By the way, this sign has survived to this day.
Signs for February 23
Read alsoHolidays and weekends in Ukraine 2021: calendar for the whole yearFor a long time, there are weather signs for this day:
– snow covered all the roofs – to a rich harvest;
– the people said: Prokhor has come – spring has looked into the yard, the frosts will subside.
February 23 name day
Name days for Porfiry, Anna, Valentina, Gennady, Anton, Vasily, Galina, Semyon, Peter, Gregory, Arkady, Ivan, Karp and German.
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