Questions arose about who would take the first step, in light of the United States’ adherence to the condition of Iran’s return in advance to fulfill all of its pledges that it backed out of its commitment to, in exchange for returning to the nuclear agreement concluded in 2015, while Tehran calls for the lifting of the US sanctions that Trump has reimposed since his withdrawal from the agreement. In 2018.
While the European Union’s foreign minister, Josep Borrell, expressed “cautious optimism” about the prospects for reviving negotiations to save the nuclear deal, experts point out that US allies such as Israel and Arab countries should join the potential talks, according to Alex Vatlinka, director of the Iran Program at the Middle East Institute, in an interview. With “Al Hurra” channel.
Vatlinka believes that the US administration is already ready to engage in a negotiation process with the Iranian side. “There are many moving parts on the American side, and the Biden administration will start moving the diplomatic process forward.”
However, the American expert believes that the Biden administration “must mobilize bipartisan support first, because there are different opinions on the American street, as well as talking with Europeans and US allies such as Israel and the Arab countries.”
The Jerusalem Post newspaper, in an analysis titled “The Iranian Nuclear Agreement Dance Starts Over”, emphasized the necessity of joining Iran’s opponents in the discussions leading to the return to the nuclear deal.
“If the agreement with Iran fails, it is likely that the countries in the region that receive the greatest threat from Iran, such as Israel, Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Bahrain, will pay the price,” the newspaper said. “The voices of these countries must be heard and must be seen and listened to.”
On Monday, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken renewed Washington’s commitment to preventing Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons, noting that there are efforts to extend the nuclear deal between Iran and the major powers.
Blinken said on the sidelines of his meetings in Brussels with the European Union, that the United States seeks to strengthen and extend the nuclear agreement between Iran and the major powers.
Blinken calls on Iran to abide by its nuclear program agreements
On Monday, US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken called on Iran to fulfill its international obligations and safety guarantees agreements with the International Atomic Energy Agency.
On Thursday, the United States offered to sit down with the Iranians alongside other signatories to the 2015 nuclear deal, in search of a possible way to return to the agreement abandoned by former US President Donald Trump.
The main part of the agreement is for Iran to reduce its uranium enrichment program, making it difficult for it to collect the fissile materials needed to make a nuclear weapon, which Iran has consistently denied, in exchange for easing US sanctions.
Iran responded to Trump’s abandonment of the nuclear deal and the resumption of US sanctions by reducing its compliance with the terms of the agreement, including uranium enrichment by up to 20 percent, which is higher than the limit of 3.67 percent in the agreement.
In exchange for US and European efforts to revive the nuclear deal and announce readiness for negotiations, there were contradictory responses from the Iranian side.
While Iran has confirmed its readiness to return to full obligations under the nuclear deal, it has stopped implementing the additional protocol that had allowed the agency to carry out surprise inspections, starting from Tuesday.
On Monday, Iranian state television quoted Iran’s supreme leader, Ali Khamenei, as saying that Tehran may enrich uranium by up to 60 percent if the country needs it, “and that at the same time Khamenei reiterated that” Iran is ready to return to its obligations. ” On the condition that others return. ”
The United States urged Iran, on Monday, to “fully” comply with inspections of its nuclear activities, expressing its concern about the interim agreement reached between Tehran and the International Atomic Energy Agency.
The US State Department spokesman, Ned Price, praised the mission of the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Rafael Grossi, in Tehran, “at the same time reiterating the call for Iran to abide by the inspections and its other commitments regarding preventing the spread of nuclear weapons.”
Vatlinka told Al-Hurra TV: “If Iran takes the decision to raise the level of uranium enrichment to 60 percent, there are many options before the military side, in addition to diplomacy that might delay the implementation of such a step on the Iranian side.”
Expert: The US sanctions will force Tehran to return to the nuclear agreement
Washington and Tehran will eventually be able to strike a nuclear deal because Iran needs to ease economic sanctions, according to a senior adviser at a US think tank.
He explained that “the military option is certainly also on the table,” adding, “I do not think for one second that the United States does not have options, but the Biden administration wants to give diplomacy a chance and deal in order to reach a diplomatic solution.”
A US official downplayed to Reuters the importance of Khamenei’s statement that Iran could enrich uranium to a purity of 60 percent, saying that this would be worrisome, but Iran had not implemented this yet, and Washington was waiting to see if Tehran would return to the talks.
Former military officials in the Israeli Defense Forces and Mossad called for the US administration to return to the nuclear agreement, but stressed that sanctions would not be lifted on Tehran unless it returned to comply with the nuclear agreement signed in 2015.
In a message addressed to the Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, the former Israeli Deputy Chief of Staff, Matan Vilnai, welcomed the US initiative to push Iran to comply with the nuclear deal.
He also shared the message, which was conveyed by the Jerusalem Post, former director of the Israeli intelligence service, Tamer Pardo, the director of operations for the Israeli army, Nitzan Allon, the former head of the National Security Council, Uzi Arad, and the deputy important director of the policies of the Israeli Atomic Energy Agency, Eli Levitt.
Possible … but difficult negotiations
And after Iran had already begun to reduce the work of the inspectors, without completely stopping cooperation with them, as it reached, on Sunday, a temporary agreement with the IAEA, during a visit by its Director General, Rafael Grossi, who announced after his return to Vienna, that the technical agreement allows Some inspections continue for up to three months.
Grossi emphasized that “our work will be restricted, to face this matter. But we were able to maintain the necessary degree of monitoring and verification work.”
Grossi hinted, on Sunday, that the interim agreement paves the way for political discussions that may lead to resolving the conflict between Tehran and Washington, over who would take the first step in preparation for the revival of the nuclear deal.
He believed that the agreement opens the way for “conducting political discussions at other levels, and most importantly of all avoiding a situation in which we might, in practical terms, walk without aim” at the inspection level.
While both the United States and Iran express their willingness to start negotiations, which is not far-fetched, according to Valentika, Tehran wants the talks to be limited to the nuclear issue, “but this will not happen. There are military areas and programs that must be delved into details such as the ballistic missiles that annoy their neighbors.” And other issues that cannot be set aside, and Iran must be prepared to negotiate. ”
Speech to the White House
In a letter to the White House and the US State Department, on Monday, Al-Hurra website obtained a copy of it. The Iranian American Communities Organization in Washington called on President Joe Biden’s administration to link any future agreement to the human rights situation in Iran.
A member of the advisory board of the “Iranian American Communities” organization, Dr. Ramash Sibrad, told Al-Hurra website: “Any future talks between the US administration and the regime in Tehran must include human rights violations.”
Seabrad called on the United States and the European Union to investigate the violations of the Iranian regime, including its spy networks in various countries, and its interference in other countries.
For his part, Vatlinka said that former US President Barack Obama “believed that the agreement solves other problems, including Iran’s adventurous policies in the Middle East, but this did not happen, and Iran believes that if the sanctions are lifted, its economy will flourish between day and night, and this will not It happens, the penalties may be removed on paper, but they will not practically disappear. ”
The expert believes that if negotiations start, it is not likely that an agreement will be reached quickly, indicating that there are challenges and difficulties that the negotiations will face, due to the different intentions of the two parties.
He said, “If we go back, we must remember that it took 42 years for the United States to reach this position with Iran. The idea of reaching a quick solution with the adversarial relations is unrealistic.”
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