A clash between the Iranian parliament and the government after an “international energy period”
The Iranian guide, Ali Khamenei, hinted at raising the level of uranium enrichment to 60 percent, if the country needed to do so, adding that Tehran would never yield to US pressure on its nuclear activities, and that “no one can prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons if it wanted to.”
Khamenei said, “The level of Iran’s uranium enrichment will not be limited to 20 percent; We will increase this to whatever level the country needs … We may increase it to 60 percent. ”He added that Tehran had never sought to acquire a nuclear weapon, but if it wanted,“ no one can prevent Tehran from acquiring it. ”
Khamenei defended the Iranian government, hours after a controversial session in the Iranian parliament, in which the deputies protested a “temporary agreement” between the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Iranian Atomic Energy Organization regarding the implementation of the Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement, before a law limiting inspections came into effect. Today.
Khamenei said, “Our government has not abandoned its obligations, but has gradually reduced a part of them, and this can be reversed if the other side acts on its obligations.” In an implicit reference to the United States and the European trio, he said: “Four countries have not fulfilled their obligations since the first day.”
Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Saeed Khatibzadeh defended the agreement, explaining that the talks with the Director General of the International Agency, Rafael Grossi, led to “an important diplomatic achievement and an important technical achievement.” 1 »as a“ guest ”.
(Sunday) the 60-day period stipulated in the new law to lift US sanctions expired. Under this agreement, Iran began enriching uranium to 20 percent, and produced uranium metal that could be used in the production of nuclear weapons.
Grossi said, after his arrival in Vienna, that the interim agreement includes maintaining the “necessary” monitoring for a period of up to 3 months, stressing that Tehran will go ahead with its plan to reduce cooperation with the agency, and that the agreement will “somewhat ease” the Iranian step, adding: “What We agreed on something that is applicable and useful for bridging the gap between us and saving the situation now. He stressed the need to speed up “political negotiations.”
He continued in a statement: “The two sides affirm that Tehran will continue implementing the comprehensive safeguards agreement, which represents its basic obligations in monitoring its declared nuclear facilities.” Iran said that among the measures it will take is to stop the “international energy” from obtaining camera recordings placed in some locations. Khatibzadeh stated that cameras placed in some locations will still function, “but no recording will be given to the IAEA.”
The Iranian Atomic Energy Organization said, in a statement, early yesterday (Monday), that it would not publish the details of the agreement due to “security reasons” related to the nuclear facilities, and made it clear that the surveillance camera recordings would remain in Tehran’s possession during the three months of the interim agreement, provided that they are given to the agency. At the end of this period, if the US sanctions are lifted, or if they are not destroyed, they are destroyed.
Grossi said the agency would keep the same number of inspectors on the ground. However, blocking access to the cameras means that the agency cannot monitor Iranian actions, when those inspectors are not in a location.
Grossi touched on the Iranian parliamentary law, saying: “This law exists, and it will be implemented, which means that the additional protocol, unfortunately, will be suspended,” adding: “Our work will be restricted, to face this matter.” But we were able to maintain the necessary degree of monitoring and verification. He described the new arrangements as a “temporary technical understanding”, but acknowledged that the inspections were “not what they were.”
Khatibzadeh said, “Not only has the voluntary implementation of the additional protocol (annexed to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons) suspended, but all that has been agreed upon now is within the framework of the Iranian Parliament’s law. But the move sparked strong criticism in parliament, and deputies accused the Iranian government of “circumventing” the law.
More than 200 deputies signed a complaint against Iranian President Hassan Rouhani to the “Article 90” committee charged with monitoring the implementation of laws regarding the government’s method of implementing a binding law approved by Parliament in early December, under the name “Penalty Abolition Law.” It obliges the Rouhani administration to suspend implementation of the Additional Protocol to the NPT.
And 221 out of 239 deputies who attended the Iranian parliament session voted yesterday on a legal article to sue the Iranian government and the Iranian Atomic Energy Organization, while 6 deputies opposed the law, and 7 abstained.
In an implicit warning, Parliament Speaker Muhammad Baqer Qalibaf said, via Twitter, that “the law will take effect from Tuesday,” adding that any cooperation in the additional protocol in the future requires parliament’s approval.
“The government has no right to decide and act arbitrarily,” “Reuters” quoted the head of the National Security Committee in the Iranian parliament, Mojtaba Dhu al-Nur, as telling the official media: “The government has no right to decide and act arbitrarily.”
A member of the National Security and Foreign Policy Committee in Parliament, Representative Muhammad Jawad Karimi Qudusi, announced the introduction of an emergency law to torpedo the “Iranian nuclear” and “international energy” agreement.
For his part, Representative Muhammad Hassan Asfari said, via Twitter, that the temporary agreement to give the agency a 3-month opportunity “contradicts the parliament’s decision,” adding that “failure to implement the parliament law is a crime.”
MP Nizamuddin Mousavi referred to his tweet last week, in which he suggested delaying the Iranian law, and said: “The director of the international agency talks about the time limit for the continuation of monitoring and verification activities, despite the suspension of the additional protocol … bypassing the law?”
Representative Ahmad Naderi said that, “In response to the agreement that took place at night between the IAEA and the government, I consider activating Article (234) to refer violators of the law to the judiciary; We will not concede in defending national interests. ”
Deputy Ali Khudrian indicated that the deputies “agreed to refer the Iranian Atomic Energy Organization to the judiciary.”
The head of the special committee for the “nuclear program”, Fereydoun Abbasi Dawani, pointed out that “granting a 3-month deadline to the agency is a fatal mistake.” And the deputy who headed the Iranian Atomic Energy Organization at the time of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad continued: “The nuclear agreement is tested,” referring to the increase in the prices of dollars, cars and inflation in the country. He said: “It is the result of the loss (of the nuclear deal).” You must adhere to the parliament law, and not accept this humiliation. ”
MP Malek Shariati Nayasir said that the temporary agreement “raises suspicions”, explaining that “Parliament must read the technical and political reports of the government, and be convinced of this,” calling for the prosecution of those who condoned the implementation of the law.
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