After Biden took office as president, the senior “Asia Connect” entered the security and diplomatic decision-making circle of the US government. Analysts speculate, does this imply that the Biden administration’s policy towards China and North Korea may change?
In early February, Biden announced at the Pentagon that he would review the military policy to contain China in the Asia-Pacific region, stating that this would help “draw the right path to deal with China-related issues.”
Biden said that the formulation of China’s policy requires the joint efforts of all government departments, bipartisan cooperation in Congress, and the consolidation of alliances and partnerships. “Only in this way can we meet China’s challenges and ensure that the American people will win the competition in the future.”
Media analysis has noticed that focusing on Asia seems to be the few policies in common between the Biden administration and the Trump administration.
The US “Defense News” report also said that Biden said he would adopt the so-called “holistic government” approach. Initiatives include the appointment of Kurt Campbell to the White House to coordinate Asian policy.
“Turn to Asia”
Campbell became the head of “Indo-Pacific affairs” in the National Security Council. He and Jake Sullivan, the new national security adviser to the Biden administration, were old colleagues of the State Department under Hillary Clinton under the Obama administration.
Analysts believe that Campbell’s appointment may also be a signal from Washington to its Asian allies: the United States is returning to the Asia-Pacific region.
As early as 2012, China described Campbell as the main designer of the shift in the US’s “turn to Asia” strategy. Campbell was then the Assistant Secretary of State for East Asia and Pacific Affairs of the US State Department. Xinhua News Agency reported him on the list of key figures influencing US foreign policy at the time.
After 10 years of implementing the rebalancing of the US Strategic Center to Asia, Campbell, the main initiator of the policy, is now at the core of the White House’s security and foreign policy formulation.
American diplomatic commentator Tim Shorrock recently commented in the “National” magazine that Campbell’s career as a professional diplomat and lobbying activities are inseparable from his attitude towards the Asian Cold War. His philosophy is China’s opponents.
Before becoming the head of Indo-Pacific affairs this time, Campbell had repeatedly urged the United States and allies to join hands to counter China.
In 2019, he and Sullivan wrote an article entitled “Competition Without Disaster”, saying that the United States can challenge China and coexist with China. But the article also emphasizes that in order to effectively compete with China, the US strategy must “start with its allies.”
Schrock believes that Campbell is one of the most pro-Japanese officials in the US government. He also said that Campbell regards supporting Japan and its right-wing Liberal Democratic Party as the cornerstone of the US alliance in Asia.
In 2009, the leader of the Democratic Party of Japan, Yukio Hatoyama, was elected as prime minister. Yukio Hatoyama’s conception of the so-called “East Asian Community” and his campaign promise to relocate US military bases in Okinawa are considered to be contrary to the US strategy of “turning to Asia”.
Campbell, then Assistant Secretary of State for Asian Affairs, visited Japan for consultations. The two sides finally reached a compromise on the issue of US military bases in Okinawa.
Soon Japanese Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama stepped down. Less than a year after he was elected prime minister, he resigned due to the relocation of US military bases in Okinawa and improper handling of relations with the United States.
Schrock wrote in the “National” magazine and said that in Campbell’s view, South Korea is a small partner in the alliance between the United States and Japan to contain North Korea and abandon its nuclear weapons and contain China.
Another Asian expert appointed by Biden after he took office was Jung H. Pak, who served as the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs. Before entering the State Department, Park Jung-hyun was an expert on Korean issues at the CIA and later studied the Korean Peninsula issue at the Brookings Institution.
According to the resume published on the Brookings Institution website, Park Jong-hyun is a senior researcher at the East Asia Policy Research Center and the author of “Becoming Kim Jong-un: Former CIA Officials Interpretation of North Korea’s Mysterious Young Dictator”, which is regarded as an understanding of Kim Jong-un. Authoritative monograph.
The appointment of Park Jung-hyun with a Korean background as the head of Asia-Pacific affairs of the State Council is regarded as good news by the Korean diplomatic community. However, she has publicly criticized South Korean President Moon Jae-in’s reconciliation policy toward North Korea as “unrequited love.”
Some analysts believe that Park Jung-hyun’s appointment to the State Department suggests that the Biden administration may further distance itself from the Trump administration’s North Korea policy.
Park Jeong-hyun has been criticizing Trump’s North Korea policy for the past four years. She said that the 2018 Singapore Joint Statement between Trump and Kim Jong Un lacked a solid foundation and could not start substantive work negotiations on this basis. She also criticized the Trump administration for making excessive demands on South Korea, that is, increasing South Korea’s share of the cost of US troops stationed in South Korea.
The article in Nation magazine quoted Gao Mingxuan, a researcher at the Asian Policy Research Institute in Seoul, saying that it is clear that Washington will not directly engage in one-on-one cooperation with North Korea on denuclearization to solve the problem. Washington “will strengthen the United States and South Korea.” -The Japanese alliance, and use this as the axis to respond to North Korea and China.”
In January of this year, Campbell and the director of the Brookings Institution’s China Strategic Research Department, Rush Doshi, wrote an article in Foreign Affairs magazine that the Trump administration has caused systemic harm to Asia-Pacific policy, and said that it is responding to Among China’s many challenges, allies and partners are very important, and it is also very important to obtain some kind of obedience from China.
#Responding #Chinas #Challenges #Asia #Connect #Enters #Security #Foreign #Policymaking #CircleBBC #News