Tuesday, February 23, 2021

Conference on Disarmament: United States determined to expand and strengthen Iran nuclear deal – Antony Blinken


“The United States remains determined to ensure that Iran never acquires nuclear weapons” declared the head of American diplomacy, noting that diplomacy is the best way to achieve this objective.

“In collaboration with our allies and partners, we will also seek to extend and strengthen the Vienna Iran Nuclear Agreement (JCPOA)”, he added, referring to Washington’s determination to also address ” other areas of concern, including Iran’s destabilizing regional behavior and the development and proliferation of ballistic missiles ”.

“And Iran must respect its safeguards agreements with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and its international obligations.” “President Biden said: if Iran returns to strict adherence to the JCPOA Agreement (Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action-JCPOA), the United States is ready to do the same,” argued the Minister. US Secretary of State.

Photo : AIEA

The IAEA applies safeguards to verify that States comply with their international legal obligations to use nuclear material for peaceful purposes only.

“Denuclearization of North Korea”

Addressing the Conference on Disarmament, the head of American diplomacy also recalled Washington’s desire to “focus on the denuclearization of North Korea”. On this subject, the United States intends to work, in close collaboration with its allies and partners, “to fight against the illicit programs of weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missiles of Pyongyang”.

“The conference on disarmament has a responsibility to create new tools to face the threats of the 21st century – and to protect what we have built together,” said Blinken.

More broadly, the new US administration has “a national security imperative and a moral responsibility to reduce and ultimately eliminate the threat posed by weapons of mass destruction.” “Just two weeks after taking office as president, the United States and the Russian Federation extended the New START program for five years,” he said, adding that this decision made “the two countries and the world more secure ”.

“And that was just the start of our efforts to deal with nuclear threats.” In this regard, the United States is ready to enter into discussions with Russia on strategic stability, on arms control and on emerging security issues.

Washington will also demand “greater transparency regarding China’s provocative and dangerous weapons development programs.” In collaboration with its allies and partners, the United States will also continue “efforts to reduce the dangers posed by the nuclear arsenal” in Beijing.



Photo ONU / Elma Okic

The Council Chamber of the Palais des Nations in Geneva where the Conference on Disarmament is being held

Fissile material, biological weapons and space security

On another level, the head of American diplomacy recalled the decision of his country to engage all other nations, including Russia and China, to develop norms and rules of responsible behavior in space. “The Conference on Disarmament has already held discussions on space security and is uniquely positioned to help lead,” Blinken said.

“Our predecessors worked together, despite their differences. They understood that the threats posed by weapons of mass destruction are not limited by national borders, “insisted the US Secretary of State, inviting the UN body to” refocus on reducing the threat of agents. pathogens and biologicals as weapons ”.

During this videoconference meeting, the United States reaffirmed its determination to advance the non-proliferation and disarmament goals of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (TNT). It is also about increasing cooperation in the peaceful use of nuclear energy.

More generally, Washington wants the international community to overcome its differences to face common threats. “As a first step, it is finally time to negotiate a treaty banning the production of fissile material intended for the manufacture of nuclear weapons”, he noted, adding that of course, there is still a lot to be done. .

“If we remain inactive and ignore our mandate, we will disappoint the peoples of all countries, we will disappoint our children,” concluded the head of US diplomacy.



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