The United States and China, which are the largest superpowers now and are expected to continue to be so over the next decade, are actually considered worldwide and for significant destabilizing factors on a global scale. Russia too. But now it arouses less fear, while China arouses more. The European Union is considered the most stabilizing factor.
These are some of the conclusions of the new global Gallup International drilling“on perceptions of global superpowers and their policies. The survey covers 45 countries around the world and more than 42,000 adult citizens and is representative of about 2/3 of the world’s populationis.
AND in a decade, China and the United States will retain their positions as world leaders – according to the majority of the world’s population surveyed. Russia is also seen as a global superpower in the near future, but not with such confidence. According to people’s expectations Rather, the European Union will not play a central role in international relations – at least not as a superpower. The same goes for Britain, India and Japan.
Source: Gallup International
In recent years, China’s political influence has gained increasing attention worldwide. Trade tensions between China and the United States over the past few years have confirmed China’s place as a leader on the political map. Most likely this is the reason why people are now most confident about China’s position as a superpower in 2030 g.
People in India (perhaps expectedly) seem most inclined to reject the possibility of China being a superpower in 2030. Almost half of the respondents there believe that China will not be among the world’s leaders in power.
Restrained on this issue seem and people in Asia in general and also in Russia – with about a third of negative answers. In both places, however, the majority tends to agree with the statement that China will be among the superpowers (although Russia is not so convinced).
56% of people worldwide believe that in 2030 the United States will continue to be a global superpower. People in the Middle East, East Asia and the United States (expectedly) seem most confident in this perspective. Respondents in Russia (also expected), Africa and West Asia, on the other hand, are most likely to disagree that the US will be a superpower in 10 years.
Two out of five respondents worldwide believe that Russia will be among the world’s superpowers in the near future. More than a third disagree. The share of those who cannot formulate an opinion on the issue is also significant.
People in Latin America, the Middle East and non-EU European countries are more likely to believe in Russia’s leading role in international relations. However, the Russians themselves are not so convinced, as a third of them expect their country to be among the main actors on the world map, and 41% are skeptical.. Among the regions and large countries that are least confident in Russia’s tomorrow’s superiority are the Russians, as well as the people of Asia.
According to the most significant share of people in the world, the European Union will also not be among the world’s superpowers. One third still believe the opposite. People in the Middle East and Latin America are more optimistic about the importance of the EU at international level. Europeans themselves seem more skeptical, especially citizens of Western EU countries.
According to the majority of respondents around the world, the United States will continue to be a global superpower, but at the same time The United States is considered the most destabilizing force. More than half of the respondents think so. One third share the opposite opinion. The others cannot answer.
Source: Gallup International
People in the Middle East and Russia see US policies as largely destabilizing. Citizens of Europe (especially those in the western part of the EU), Western Asia and Latin America as well. US policies are seen as stabilizing, especially in India and (less so) in East Asia.
Attitudes towards US policies have remained unchanged over the past few years – in 2018 and 2019, the shares of those who accept the United States as a stabilizing factor on the international stage (28% in 2018 and 31% in 2019) and destabilizing (56%) in 2018 and 54% in 2019) are virtually the same as those in the current wave of research.
Most people around the world think that Russia’s policies are also destabilizing. The structure of the positive and negative answers is close to the one registered for the USA. About half of the answers describe Russia as a destabilizing world power. One third is of the opposite opinion, and one fifth of the respondents cannot give a specific answer. India is among the largest nations and regions in the world where people are most confident in Russia’s stabilizing role.. Russian citizens also see their country’s policies as more stabilizing, albeit less confident.
Generally, perceptions of China worldwide are identical to those of the United States and Russia – About half of the participants in the survey assess the country’s policies as rather destabilizing, one third see China as rather a stabilizing factor internationally, and one fifth are those who find it difficult to respond. However, some concerns about China’s policies appear to be showing signs of potential growth.
China’s policies are seen as rather stabilizing in West Asia and Africa. The most confident in the opposite opinion are the people of the European Union, the Middle East, as well as India and East Asia.
Although it is not expected to maintain its position as a global superpower for the next ten years, The European Union is currently the only global superpower whose policies are seen as rather stabilizing – the highest share of responses worldwide is in favor of this view. Two out of five respondents believe that the Union is stabilizing the world, a third say its policies are destabilizing, and a quarter cannot give a concrete answer.
Globally, Europeans see the Union as a stabilizing force, but so do the people of Latin America and East Asia. According to however, a significant proportion of citizens in the Middle East and Russia, the EU is rather a destabilizing superpower.
Thus, it seems that at the moment there is no global superpower that is considered stabilizing by a strong majority of the world’s population.
Source: Gallup International
The results of the emigration to Bulgaria also assign a leading role in the world politics of the United States, China and Russia. There are significant discrepancies between the perceptions in our country and the generalized attitudes in the world regarding the arrangement of the three world powers. The Russian Federation is accepted as a leader of the society in our country. China and the United States will also be among the world’s superpowers in 2030, according to the majority in our country, but occupy the hypothetical “second” and “third” position according to public opinion.
Bulgarians do not expect the European Union to be a major factor in international politics in 10 years, but they accept the Union to the greatest extent as a stabilizer on the international political scene.
Who will be the superpowers in ten years? Regarding the United States, 46% of Bulgarians believe that this country will be a superpower in a decade. 23% are skeptical and one third cannot judge.
With regard to China, the structure of the answers in our country is similar – although it seems that the expectation that China will be a superpower in ten years is a little more certain – a second think so; just under a fifth rather do not believe. Again, a third can’t judge.
Our society is most convinced of Russia’s paramount role in world politicsas far as the near future is concerned. 58% are confident in it. Skeptics are 14% of all respondents in our country. And on this issue, the hesitants are close to a third. A similar structure of attitudes It has not been a surprise for Bulgaria for a long time.
As for the attitudes towards the EU leadership, it seems that in our country the opinions are divided. The highest share of those who expect the Union to be a superpower – 39%. The share of those who doubt the EU’s leading role is lower (but slightly lower) – 32%. 29% cannot judge.
What are the stabilization policies? According to 55% of Bulgarians, US policies, for example, destabilize the world. 19% believe that the United States is more of a stabilizing factor. The others cannot judge.
Source: Gallup International
Russia, although accepted as the world’s first superpower in our country, is not considered a stabilizing factor with the same conviction. Although not so pronounced, the majority in our country believes that Russia’s policies rather stabilize the world (42%). A quarter disagree and a third cannot judge.
China’s policies are still foreign to Bulgarians. Nearly half of the respondents in our country (45%) cannot assess whether the policies of the world superpower stabilize or destabilize the world. Those who answered “I can’t judge” in our country are also the highest share among all surveyed countries in the world.. However, our society, as well as the majority of the world’s population, tends to “destabilize” the option (35% in our country answer so). The remaining 19% see a rather stabilizing potential in China’s international policies.
Although not fully convinced of the role of the EU as a superpower in 10 years, our society, like many other people in the world, sees the EU as the most stabilizing factor in international politics at the moment – 55% of Bulgarians say so. For 19%, Union policies are destabilizing. 26% cannot judge.
It seems that to all questions the share of Bulgarians who cannot judge and give a concrete answer is significant, which speaks of the high levels of ignorance on these topics.
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