Ukraine’s support is vital to Europe and the US
Performance Joe Biden became a kind of sensation of the evening, since for the first time in the almost 60-year history of the Munich Security Conference, the incumbent US President spoke at it.
The head of the White House has made it clear several times that the United States is returning to its obligations to European partners, which were violated during the presidency of his predecessor, Donald Trump.
“I attended the 2019 Munich conference as an ordinary American citizen, not a person who is being elected. And then I said that we will return. I am a man of my word: America is back. I speak now as the President of the United States at the very beginning of my work. I send a clear signal to the world: America is back. The Transatlantic Alliance is back. We are not looking at what happened. We are looking forward with you to what will happen, “Biden said at the beginning of the speech.
He stressed that the United States is determined to renew relations with Europe as early as 2021, and expressed its readiness to work on a variety of issues – from the COVID-19 pandemic and climate change to arms control and cyber attacks.
“The United States is fully committed to NATO. And I welcome the contribution of our allies to collective security. The United States remains committed to Article 5 of the Collective Security Treaty and reaffirms its guarantees that an attack on one is equal to an attack on all members of the treaty,” Biden said.
US President Joe Biden’s speech at the Munich Security Conference. Video: Voice of America / YouTube
The head of state promised to restore US influence in all international institutions and make the world safer. Among the countries that threaten the security of the world, he named China (“We must prepare together for a long-term competitive competition with China. Competition will be tough”) and Russia.
“Regarding threats from Russia. The Kremlin is trying to undermine American democracy, using corrupt tools to undermine our system of government. The Russian leadership wants to prove to its people that our system is even more corrupt than theirs, or just as corrupt. But the whole world knows: this is not true. I think the Russian people know this too, “Biden said.
The US President stressed that it is precisely because of the threats to Russia that support for Ukraine is of vital importance, primarily for Europe and the United States.
“Putin wants to undermine the European project and NATO. He wants to destroy our transatlantic unity and our resolve, because it is much easier for the Kremlin to intimidate and threaten individual states than to negotiate with a strong and united transatlantic community. That is why support for Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity is vital. important to Europe and the US, “Biden said.
Minsk process is a diplomatic tool, but it was not successful
Online inclusion of German Chancellor Angela Merkel at the Munich conference. Photo: ERA
The Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany also touched upon the Ukrainian problem Angela Merkel… She expressed readiness to reset relations between Germany and the United States and closer strategic cooperation (“There is a lot to do. Germany is ready to open a new chapter in the transatlantic partnership”), but insisted on a dialogue with Russia, in which all disagreements will be clearly expressed.
“Russia is drawing more and more European Union countries into hybrid confrontations, and therefore we need a common agenda on Russia. We must offer cooperation on the one hand, but on the other, we must clearly speak about the differences that we have. I can only agree. with the US President on the issue of a strong EU. Unfortunately, this is not what Russia is doing at this moment, “Merkel said.
The Chancellor also acknowledged that the Minsk talks on the settlement of the armed conflict in eastern Ukraine had led nowhere, but she did not offer an alternative.
“When it comes to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine, we have not made any progress in recent years. The Minsk process is a diplomatic tool that can be used, but it has not been successful,” Merkel said.
We must rebuild the security architecture. It should include dialogue with Russia
Emmanuel Macron, President of France. Photo: ERA
The President of France also spoke out for dialogue with Russia Emmanuel Macron… In his speech at the Munich conference, he insisted on the need to build a new architecture of common security, which, among other things, “should include a dialogue with Russia.”
“We need to do three things. First, we need to rebuild the security architecture. And this is what NATO’s new strategic concept is all about. At the same time, it should include dialogue with Russia. Second, we need to find solutions to regional conflicts. . These are issues of Syria and Nagorno-Karabakh, Libya, Iran. Thirdly, to support freedom of sovereignty. These are issues of cyber security and space security – new areas where potential conflicts may arise, “Macron said.
The French leader also expressed his desire to build a European security system separate from the United States, which he called the “Strategic Autonomy of Europe.”
“Now the US will look at China and the Pacific region. Therefore, Europe should still pay attention to the problems of its neighboring regions, to the security of Europe itself. For decades, the US has focused on protecting Europe. But today Europe itself must pay attention to its own security “, – summed up Macron.
Europe is surrounded by a fiery ring of bloody conflicts in the East – in Ukraine, and in the Caucasus, and in the South
Wolfgang Ischinger, Chairman of the Munich Security Conference. Photo: ERA
The chairman of the Munich Security Conference, former German ambassador to the United States and Great Britain, also drew special attention to the growing tension around European borders. Wolfgang Ischinger… In his opening speech, he called the constant conflicts around the perimeter of the European Union “a ring of fire.”
“Here in Germany, many thought that after the end of the Cold War and the miraculous reunification of Germany, we would be blessed with peace and harmony, surrounded only by friends. But today, when we look at Europe, we see that it is surrounded by a fiery ring of bloody conflicts on East – in Ukraine and the Caucasus, in the South – in the Eastern Mediterranean and on our borders with Africa. We again observe a race of superpowers, we see threats hanging over international law and international institutions, “Ischinger said, adding that forecasts regarding the danger” the post-cold war era “has been largely justified.
In November last year, in one of his interviews, Ischvinger also warned Ukrainians not to return the occupied areas of Donetsk and Luhansk regions by force, because, in his opinion, “the consequences would be dire.”
“Don’t even think about it! You really need to worry about how to protect Ukraine so that neither Russia nor anyone else can violate your borders again. But don’t even think about the military conflict for the return of Donbass! […] You will be seriously hurt. Perhaps Russia will also be seriously affected, I don’t know, but the consequences for you will definitely not be good. That is why I advise you to focus on long-term diplomacy. Ukraine will return Donbass. Even during my lifetime, I am sure … we will see Ukraine, which will unite again, but this will happen not by military means, but by economic means, “Ischinger said in the fall of 2020.
China and Russia are trying to rewrite the rules in their own interests
NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg. Photo: ERA
NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg called on the European Union and the United States to strengthen the North Atlantic Alliance and strengthen commitments to collective security, as it is constantly being tested for strength by official Beijing and Moscow.
“Europe and the United States must defend international law, which the authoritarian regimes of China and Russia are testing. They are trying to rewrite the rules in their own interests. The rise of China has become a key challenge for the transatlantic community. The actions of China and Russia have potential risks and serious consequences for our security and That is why NATO must strengthen cooperation with its partners such as Australia and Japan and strengthen the rules around the world. Only our joint actions can convince others to act by the rules, “Stoltenberg said.
NATO Secretary General called on the countries to make every effort to increase the stability of democratic states, since this is the “first line of defense” of the Alliance.
“We need to broaden our approaches to our own security. Our potential adversaries use all available levers – military, political, economic – to test the strength of our institutions, weaken our societies and undermine our security. Therefore, we need a broader, more integrated and coordinated approach to resilience, with specific national goals – from communications, including 5G and cable protection at sea, to energy and water supply, “summed up Stoltenberg.
Full video footage of the 2021 Munich Security Conference. Видео: Munich Security Conference / YouTube
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