Tuesday, February 23, 2021

“Atomic Energy” reaches an agreement with Iran on an interim monitoring mechanism


The Atomic Energy Organization of Iran issued an explanation of the results of the talks held by the Director General of the International Agency, Raphael Grossi, in Tehran yesterday (Sunday, February 21, 2021). The Iranian organization pointed out that the visit of the Director General of the International Agency came at his request. The organization said that Iran and the Agency “have agreed to completely cease the implementation of the additional protocol and access operations (to the nuclear facilities) stipulated in the nuclear agreement. Iran’s obligations will be implemented only within the framework of the safeguards agreement. Accordingly, according to the law approved by the Islamic Consultative Assembly. The agency will not be granted any access (to the facilities) outside of the safeguards agreement, nor will any inspection take place outside of the safeguards agreement. “

She explained, according to what was reported by the Islamic Republic of Iran News Agency (IRNA), that “what is meant by the continuation of the necessary verification and monitoring processes contained in Article 2 of the statement (issued after the talks), as it was explained in the annex of the agreement, is that Iran will, within three months, register Information of some activities and monitoring equipment specified in the appendix and kept there. During this period the agency will not have access to this information and will remain with Iran only. If the sanctions are completely canceled within three months, Iran will put this information at the agency’s disposal Other than this, the information will be deleted forever. ” The Iranian Atomic Energy Organization said that “due to security considerations and the need to maintain the secrecy of Iran’s main facilities, the appendix to the statement that includes a list of the names of these facilities will remain secret.”

Grossi said yesterday that Iran and the International Agency had reached a temporary agreement on continuing nuclear inspections, but that access to Iranian nuclear facilities would be reduced. Grossi said, “There will be less access, but we are still able to maintain the necessary degree of monitoring and verification” in Iran. In response to a question whether he would still be able to verify whether Iran’s nuclear activities were purely peaceful or aimed at making nuclear weapons, he said: “Not as it was before, but in a satisfactory manner.”

It should be noted that the unlimited access of inspectors to Iran’s nuclear facilities on the basis of the Additional Protocol of the International Atomic Energy Agency is part of the Iran nuclear agreement reached in 2015, which was aimed at preventing Iran from developing a nuclear weapon. Without this availability, there is in fact nothing left in the agreement. In 2018, the administration of former US President Donald Trump unilaterally withdrew from the nuclear deal, which was aimed at preventing Tehran from obtaining a nuclear arsenal in exchange for providing it with economic benefits. Iran responded by reducing its obligations under the deal. Iran affirms that it is ready to return to all its obligations on the condition that President Joe Biden return to the 2015 nuclear deal and lift the sanctions imposed by Trump.

To read the article in full DW:



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