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Jasenovac was the largest death camp in the Independent State of Croatia in the occupied Yugoslavia during the Second World War
jasenovac, gift from jasenovac, Vjekoslav “Maks” Luburić, Photo: Wikipedia
Jasenovac was the largest death camp in the Independent State of Croatia in the area of occupied Yugoslavia during the Second World War. It was formed in August 1941 in the vicinity of the town of the same name, and was destroyed by the Ustashas in April 1945.
The film “Gifts from Jasenovac” stirred up the entire region and showed all the horrors of the concentration camps in Jasenovac during the Second World War.
“Jasenovac Labor Camp” was a death camp for Serbs, Roma and Jews, of all ages, genders, ages, social, educational and other profiles, as well as for communists, helpers and sympathizers of Serbs, Roma and Jews. Terrible and brutal crimes were committed against prisoners in this camp.
The system of Jasenovac concentration camps was designed by Vjekoslav “Maks” Luburić, who was also its first commander.
There is not much information about his youth. According to Serbian sources, before the war he was known as an ordinary criminal and was punished for various crimes. According to Croatian sources, he worked as a dishwasher in a restaurant and later as a clerk in a health insurance savings bank.
Vjekoslav Luburić got the name “Max” from his longtime friend Jure Francetić during his stay in the Ustasha camp of Janko Pust.
Film “Dara from Jasenovac”, Photo: Facebook
For Luburić, who was sung among the Ustashas as “the commander of his butchers”, even Ante Pavelić’s daughter, Višnja, said shortly before his death in 2015 that he was “a crazy, mentally ill man, that he could not control himself at all”.
Between 1,152 and 1,631 children died in horrific conditions in the children’s camp in Sisak alone. He did not hesitate to shoot his own. At the end of 1942, due to the savagery, Pavelić himself barely protected him from the Nazi general von Horstenau, who did everything he could to put him behind bars. Tens of thousands of executed, slaughtered, dismembered civilians of all ages, religions, nationalities, genders, literally rivers of blood remained behind Luburić.
Killed in “his” way
Vjekoslav “Max” Luburić was killed by Udba agent Ilija Stanić, otherwise the son of an Ustasha. After the war, Luburic fled to Spain, where he enjoyed the protection of fascist General Franco, and Ilija Stanic was the only person in whom Luburic had confidence.
One evening, Stanić drugged Luburić with sleeping powder in his villa in Spain on April 20, 1969, and then smashed his head with a mallet and killed him with a shout:
“Your mother is an Ustasha! This is how you killed children in Jasenovac!”
German observers described him as a “great sadist” and a “nervous patient”.
At the beginning of 1992, General Mirko Norac (who is still glorified by Croats today) expressed his admiration for Luburic. Croatian historian Vlado Vladić held a promotion of his book “Croatian Knight Vjekoslav Maks Luburić” on September 29, 2018 at the Roman Catholic Priory in Split.
Marko Janketić as Maks Luburić
Actor Marko Janketić in the film Dara from Jasenovac played the notable role of one of the camp commanders – Vjekoslav “Max” Luburić.
“I was trying to find an opportunity to defend such a person. It was not easy, however, I already said in an interview that he is a very interesting character, so they crucified me and asked how a criminal can be interesting, so Hitler was also interesting. , and Stalin was as interesting as many others … Simply, he is a man who was imbued with some hatred from the national context, which is not close to me, I simply cannot understand that someone hates someone just because it is different religion or nation, and that was, for example, the biggest challenge for me, to deal with that person and character in that context, “Marko Janketić explained.
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