Tuesday, February 23, 2021

The “Atomic Energy Agency” agrees with Iran to continue verification and monitoring temporarily


Iran and the International Atomic Energy Agency have agreed not to stop the surprise inspections by the agency, and to follow them up for a period of three months in principle, starting tomorrow, Tuesday, 23 February.

And the agency’s official website published that the agreement included three terms for the agency to continue its activities in the field of verification and monitoring, the first of which is Iran’s continued implementation of the full safeguards concluded with the IAEA, as was the case before.

The agency also continues its necessary verification and monitoring activities for a period of up to three months, in addition to keeping technical monitoring under review, to ensure the implementation of the agreement.

Since the election of Joe Biden as President of the United States, Tehran has been insisting that the United States lift all sanctions that were in place during the Trump era.

On the other hand, it returns to full compliance with the nuclear agreement, including levels of uranium enrichment, which was mentioned by Iranian Foreign Minister, Javad Zarif, before reaching the last agreement, via Twitter.

But Biden said, in an interview he gave on “CBSOn February 7, the US government said, “The United States will not offer the easing of US sanctions as a way to lure Iran to return to the negotiating table on the nuclear program.”

Last Friday, US State Department spokesman Ned Price said, “The United States will accept the invitation of the High Representative of the European Union to hold discussions with Iran and the other five countries that have agreed to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), under which Iran has accepted strict restrictions on its program. Nuclear ”.

The Deputy Secretary-General of the European Union, Enrique Moore, was Dua The five member states to hold a meeting to return to the nuclear deal, last Thursday.

What is the Iranian nuclear deal?

The agreement was based on the initial “Geneva” agreement on the Iranian nuclear program, which was a temporary agreement established on October 24, 2013, in which Iran agreed to abandon parts of its nuclear plan in exchange for lifting the sanctions imposed on it.

The interim agreement was activated on January 20, 2014, and Iran agreed on April 2, 2015 to implement restrictions imposed on its nuclear program for at least ten years, and on international inspections to monitor the implementation of the agreement, in exchange for international sanctions to be lifted in the event Iran complies. On conditions.

It also agreed to reduce the number of centrifuges it uses to enrich uranium from 19,000 to 6,104, and to operate only 5,060 of them, according to the agreement.

On January 15, 2016, the nuclear agreement entered into force, and accordingly began the lifting of the economic sanctions that had been imposed on Tehran since 1979.

And former US President Donald Trump announced his official withdrawal from the Iran nuclear deal, on May 8, 2018, after international anticipation of his decision.

After Washington withdrew from the agreement, US economic sanctions on Tehran returned.

In turn, Iran increased its uranium enrichment, reaching 20% ​​last January, at the Fordo uranium enrichment facility, located south of the city of Qom in the center of the country, a rate that exceeds what is stipulated in the nuclear agreement.

At the beginning of December 2020, the Iranian Shura Council requested the government to produce and store 120 kilograms of uranium enriched at 20% annually, days after the killing of the Iranian nuclear scientist Fakhrizadeh, on November 27, 2020.

In November 2020, the International Atomic Energy Agency published that Iran is conducting enrichment operations that exceed the rate stipulated in the nuclear agreement, which is defined as 3.67%, and not exceed 4.5%, while Iran continues to adhere to the agency’s strict inspection regime.





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