What does Sunday night’s agreement really mean?
Iran had issued an ultimatum: if the United States did not lift economic sanctions on Iran, IAEA inspectors would no longer be allowed to monitor the nuclear program. The time limit was set for tomorrow Tuesday.
But IAEA chief Rafael Grossi traveled to Tehran and managed to secure a continued presence for the inspectors, albeit on limited terms. For example, inspectors may no longer carry out unannounced inspections.
Why is the extension important?
The new US President Joe Biden is trying to get the nuclear energy agreement, the so-called JCPOA, back on track. Biden’s ambition is for the United States to re – enter into the agreement that his representative Donald Trump withdrew. If the inspections had been stopped completely, it would have meant a step in the wrong direction.
What will happen now?
The two main figures in the agreement, the United States and Iran, have bought time to agree on the terms of US re-entry, and the possible countermeasures that Iran would make.
The countries must start a dialogue.
How will that happen?
The EU can play an important role as a mediator. The EU countries Great Britain, France and Germany have also signed the JCPOA. Qatar, which is free from Iran’s main enemies in the region, Israel and Saudi Arabia, can also contribute.
What is the main problem?
The United States wants Iran to return immediately to the terms of the agreement regarding the restriction of the nuclear program. Iran wants the United States to immediately lift the sanctions it has imposed. The question is who should blink first: the United States or Iran?
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