Tuesday, February 23, 2021

France, US lead race


The upgrade of the four MEKO type frigates of the P.N. considered as important as the supply of young people.

The armament planning of the country is progressing rapidly, without interruption and despite the constant Turkish threats and challenges. After all, the recent rhetorical outbursts and moves such as Cesme’s mission in the Aegean are attributed by Athens to the Erdogan government’s attempt to dismiss allegations of failed foreign policy, stemming from a lack of rapprochement with the US and continuing losses. citizens abroad.

Specifically, the Navy (P.N.) proceeded to evaluate and record the six proposals for the supply of new frigates that had been submitted until February 17. The frigates offered by France, the USA, the Netherlands, Germany, England and Spain have been evaluated. Italy is absent, as the relevant letter arrived in Athens after this first evaluation of the competent technocrats of the PN. Based on the operational evaluation of the PN, which is now at the disposal of the political leadership of the Ministry of National Defense and is presented today by “K”, in the first place are the two versions of the French FDI (French and “Greek” configuration [email protected]), followed by the American MMSC, the Dutch SIGMA 115, the two German A200 and A300, the English Type 31 (Arrowhead 140) and, finally, the Spanish F110. According to well-informed sources, the sending of the relevant letters (LOR) from Athens to France and the USA is expected in the next period.

The ranking is based on six sub-characteristics. The first and crucial is the way of implementation, ie whether the supply will be carried out on the basis of transnational or direct commercial agreement with the construction companies. The fact that France and the United States enable a transnational agreement has contributed significantly to the ranking of the frigates they offer in the first place. The English proposal also offers a transnational agreement under certain conditions. In terms of cost, in all six cases the total indicative price has not yet been set. It is known, however, the cost of the units offered. In the case of the French, the cost for two [email protected] configuration of the same as that which will be received by the French Navy reaches 3.3 billion euros, without necessarily anti-aircraft defense of the region. The four “Greek” [email protected], with area air defense, are estimated at 3 billion euros, without including the price of subsequent support and weapons.

The four US MMSCs are valued at 4 billion euros with weapons and then support. The four Dutch SIGMA 115s cost around € 2.2 billion, excluding subsequent support and weapons. In the case of the Germans, the four A200s and the upgrade of the MEKO of the P.N. cost 2.8 billion euros, without subsequent support and weapons. If the P.N. choose the German A300 (always together with the upgrade of the four MEKO), then the cost is close to 3.7 billion euros, without subsequent support and weapons. In the case of the British Type 31 there is no pricing. As for the Spanish proposal, the four F-110s together with the upgrade of MEKO cost about 4.6 billion euros.

From the P.N. the interim solution has also been evaluated. In the case of the French and the Americans, the type of ship they intend to provide as an intermediate solution is still being investigated. It should be noted that, in the case of the USA, the case of the “Arleigh Burke” destroyers is still open, in combination with the shipbuilding part of the program that concerns the P.N. The Germans have not proposed an interim solution. The Dutch offer either two new SIGMA 105 type frigates or used “M” type frigates. The British offer Type 23 frigates, while the Spaniards intend to provide two new A3000s. All six proposals evaluated include the involvement of the domestic shipbuilding industry, which of course remains to be determined.

The Italian proposal

The Italian proposal will be evaluated in the next period, the letter for which reached the authorities after 17 February. It is recalled that the Italians propose the construction of four FREMM type frigates and may provide as an intermediate solution either two older Maestrale type or, if discussions proceed, two FREMM type serving in the Italian Navy. The exact financial part of the proposal is not yet known.

This is approximately the data so far and, based on the most optimistic calculations, the P.N. will have to submit its final proposals in mid-April. It is absolutely clear that the end result will be judged by a number of parameters, with the transnational agreement (G to G) being crucial for saving time. For the P.N. A road race is under way, as further extension of the priority will further burden an already very old fleet. If it is calculated that, based on the existing timetables, any country and if it succeeds in the tender, no new ship can be delivered before 2025, then it is clear that the interim solution will be a decisive factor in the selection of a program. Also, based on the age of the fleet, it is absolutely clear that whoever gets the program, will probably apply for more than four ships in the not too distant future.

Cooperation with Israel

As of last Sunday, “K” highlighted the choice of Greece and Israel to proceed with close defense cooperation, with Jerusalem having decided to release weapons that provide a quality advantage. In recent days, Greek officials have been informed about a series of programs, while other discussions will follow in the next 24 hours. The focus is on drone and UAV control systems using advanced technology. In addition to these countermeasures, there is the C-Dome on the table, which is the on-board version of the anti-aircraft Iron Dome, but also the “Kela David”, which has the ability to intercept the range of long-range missiles. , from ballistic missiles to UAVs. In this area, the discussions between the two sides are very extensive. At the same time, the two sides are working to find a possible common ground on the issue of the national rifle. At the same time, the first HERON UAVs are expected in April, while it seems that the procurement of systems such as SPIKE / NLOS, Rampage and SPICE will proceed.



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