Tuesday, February 23, 2021

February 22, 1821: Alexandros Ypsilantis begins the Greek Revolution


Alexandros Ypsilantis, seeing that there are long delays in both the Peloponnese and Constantinople, as early as February 16, takes the final stage, the Greek revolution to start from the Danube hegemony of Moldova and Wallachia, which are under Ottoman rule.

There was no longer the possibility of waiting, any further delay would be fatal.

“ELEFTHERON VIMA”, 12.5.1930, Historical Archive “TO VIMA” & “TA NEA”

The situation in the Balkans

The letters of that period, from the Greek scholar and politician of Wallachia, Iakovos Rizos Neroulos to Ypsilantis, about the character that the preparations of the Greeks in the Balkans had taken are indicative of the situation that prevailed:

“To God, you gave a strong command to behave with wisdom and secrecy at least from now until the explicit day.

“None of your orders were included in the order. Karavias (s.s. Vassilios Karavias, member of the Friendly Society and military commander in Galatsi, Molodovlachia) started in Galatsi to be naughty, Topountzis complains that he has” Topountzis “.

Alexander Soutsos (or Voda), a great interpreter of the High Gate and ruler of Moldavia from 1919 to 1821, had also expressed his concern to Alexandros Ypsilantis.

“It’s a big mess here. Money is wasted in vain, making a lot of noise. Those who acted out of the statistician brought disastrous debauchery of the whole thing “

Simultaneously with these letters, a disturbing reputation reaches Ypsilantis.

“As if all this news was not enough, it is enough that, according to decisions of the petition in St. Petersburg, to revoke the license or even to arrest Ypsilantis.

The beginning of the revolution

On February 22, 1821, the cube for the beginning of the Greek revolution is thrown.

Alexandros Ypsilantis, wearing the uniform of the Holy Corps, crosses the Pruth River, the natural border between Russia and the Danube hegemons of Moldavia and Wallachia, with his small entourage. In other words, entering Moldavia under Ottoman rule from Russia, it essentially enters Ottoman territory.

The weather is no longer waiting. The leader, with his two brothers, Georgios and Nikolaos, Manos, Kantakouzenos, the Polish officer Garnowski and a few others, cross the frozen Pruthos on the afternoon of February 22, 1821 “.

In Moldavia he was welcomed by the guard of the ruler Michael Soutsou and accompanies him to Iasi, where two days later the official proclamation of the Greek Revolution will take place.

Spyros Melas writes in “ELEFTHERON VIMA”: “The whole guard of the ruler had lined up honorably from the bank of Pruthos to Iasi to receive Ypsilantis. And two hundred horsemen, with the officers Orfanos and Theodorou, accompanied him, at night, to the city ”

The first moves of Ypsilantis

“The leader set up his headquarters in the monastery of Galata, on a high hill, above the state, a quarter of an hour away. Horse bites, soldier crossings, traffic stirred up the unsuspecting residents. There was vague anxiety and emotion in the air.

Ypsilantis thought that he must prevent misunderstandings. He immediately summoned the Russian consul. The man was very surprised to see a Russian general, stationed in the large being of the monastery, surrounded by armed guerrillas. And their surprise became even greater when he heard Ypsilantis say:

– I shouted at you, sir, just to tell you that I have no intention, entering Iasi, to overthrow the regime, but to gather my army and cross the Danube to the opposite countries.

The consul took note, without saying anything to refer to his government. In the meantime, the forty Turks of the hegemonic guard were disarmed and another thirty other Muslim traders were captured and traded. Volunteers, specialized, have already started to arrive and are being written with great enthusiasm. The Greeks thwarted the aims of Ypsilantis, they did not hide their joy “.

“Knife in Galatsi”

Also on February 22, Vassilios Karavias in a move that was described by many as “impatient” and “unnecessarily violent” attacks the Turks of Galatsi.

“Karavias was putting a knife in Galatsi: He slaughtered one hundred and sixty Turks. The national revolution was no longer a dream. “Skoufa’s idea is dressed in the tragic purple of blood.”

There was no going back. Backstage preparations gave way to battles. The vision and values ​​of the Struggle for the Freedom of the Greeks should be immersed in the blood and mud of the battlefields.

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