With the participation of its president in the N’Djamena Summit, organized last Monday and Tuesday, Senegal has taken a big step towards joining the G5 Senegal.
A chronicle by Francis Sahel
It is not yet the entrance ticket. But, by going to the G5 Summit organized on February 15 and 16 in N’Djamena, Senegalese President Macky Sall increased his country’s chances of becoming a member of the G5 Sahel which currently includes Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Chad.
In addition to his face-to-face participation, where Macron intervened by videoconference from Paris, Macky Sall paid the Executive Secretariat of the G5 Sahel the sum of one billion FCFA (nearly 1.5 million euros) and promised a military commitment from the Senegal on the western zone (Mauritania / Mali) of the G5 Sahel joint force.
The doors of the G5 Sahel had remained double-locked in Senegal, in particular because of the veto of the former Mauritanian president Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz who had bad relations with his Senegalese counterpart. With Mohamed Ould Ghazouani, relations between Dakar and Nouakchott have taken a different course. It is also the Mauritanian president, outgoing president of the G5 Sahel, who invited Macky Sall to the N’Djamena summit.
For the G5 Sahel, Senegal’s entry into its ranks should be a profitable operation. By joining the Western spindle of the joint force which brings together Mali and Mauritania, the Senegalese army will support the fight against the katiba Macina of the Malian preacher Amadou Koufa, number 2 of the Support Group for Islam and Muslims (GSIM) led by Iyad Ag Ghali.
Even if it has taken an important step forward, Senegal’s accession to the G5 Sahel requires a revision of the texts establishing the organization. Learning from the failure of the Joint Operational Staff Committee (CEMOC), which brought together Algeria, Mali, Mauritania and Niger, the G5 countries closed any possibility of welcoming a new member . Despite the support of France, the candidacy of Senegal came up against this legal obstacle, but especially the Mauritanian veto under the reign of the former Mauritanian president Aziz.
After seven years of existence, the G5 now seems to include its action in opening up cooperation with other African states and sub-regional organizations. Ghanaian President Nana Akuffo-Ado, current President of ECOWAS, was present at the N’Djamena Summit as well as the President of the African Union Commission Moussa Faki who announced a financial contribution from the Pan-African organization.
In search of stable funding
Beyond the expansion to other countries in the region and the strengthening of international cooperation, the G5 Sahel remains mobilized on the urgency of obtaining the placement of its joint force under Chapter 7 of the Charter of Nations united. This would guarantee it sustainable funding. With the support of France, the African Union, the European Union and the United Nations Secretary, the G5 countries are demanding this placement under chapter 7 which has constantly been met with the refusal of the American administration under Trump. .
Everyone is hoping for a turnaround in the American position with the arrival of Joe Biden, who clearly shows better consideration for African issues. It is therefore not ultimately excluded that this placement under Chapter 7 occurs at the same time as the expansion of the G5 Sahel in Senegal.
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