Wednesday, February 24, 2021

Turkey in recent years is the increase in emigration of young and educated population was observed


Turkey in recent years is the increase in emigration of young and educated population have been observed. It was stated that citizens between the ages of 25-29 were among the most immigrants abroad in 2019.

In the study prepared by CHP Istanbul Deputy Zeynel Emre and party members, it was pointed out that brain drain is the most serious issue of competition between countries and determines the development levels and continuity of countries.

Parliament about the brain drain on the agenda of Turkey was stated to be at risk. Research in motion, the brain drain to the highest bidder among the countries was expressed that Turkey’s 24th place.

The research proposal, which noted that international competition and cooperation came to the fore, said:

THE IMPORTANCE OF YOUNG POPULATION

“Although the ‘core power’ of a country is expressed with various factors from its geographical and strategic location to its underground and aboveground riches and its history, the main factor is undoubtedly the educated young human resource. The world population is getting older with each passing year; Considering the data of the United Nations that, in the next 30 years, the number of seniors (65 and over) worldwide will more than double, to exceed 1.5 billion by 2050, young and educated human resources have become even more important.

TURKEY RANKS 24th

In this context, one of the topics where the competition in the international arena is sharpened is the young and educated population defined as ‘brain drain’. It is a known fact that especially developed western countries with elderly populations prefer to supply their educated young population from underdeveloped and developing countries. According to the research; Sweden, Germany, USA, Norway and Canada are the countries with the highest number of brain drain in the world. The common feature of these countries is to have higher education institutions at international level and to provide job opportunities. The prominent ones among the brain drain are developing or undeveloped countries, including us. It is noted that our country ranks 24th among 32 countries with the highest brain drain. The results of another research are; Turkey’s shows that most students read the 10th country in the United States.

YOUNG PEOPLE ESCAPE

European Statistical Office (Eurostat) and the Turkey Statistical Institute (TUIK) data in, constituting 15 per cent of our total population of 13 million young people in 20 EU member outpace population of the country, even though we can not eliminate our right to use this advantage. Turkey Statistical Institute (TSI) ‘s according to data released last year, 2019 in the age group 25-29 is experiencing the most emigration from Turkey. It is stated that 50 thousand 154 out of 330 thousand 289 people who went abroad from the country constitute the 25-29 age group.

ESCAPE BEGINS AFTER HIGH SCHOOL

Qualitative erosion in our educational institutions due to various reasons, especially political effects, and the youth unemployment rate of up to 30 percent make many successful students migrate abroad after high school education. In the High School Transition System (LGS), students who have answered all the questions correctly, and those who have earned centuries-old schools such as Galatasaray, German High School, in addition to Istanbul Male, where students in the 1 percent segment with 500 full points receive education, ‘fear of unemployment’ and ‘unqualified universities’ He continues his education abroad on the grounds. It is noted that 52.6 percent of the 2019 graduates of Istanbul Boys’ High School, 94.7 percent of the German High School and 32.6 percent of Galatasaray High School went to Germany, USA, Canada or France for higher education.



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