Nuclear: Iran and IAEA reach “temporary” agreement to maintain surveillance
Iran and the IAEA on Sunday announced a “temporary” agreement to maintain surveillance of nuclear activities, although reduced, until diplomatic talks begin between the signatories of the 2015 pact in an attempt to exit the ‘dead end.
Iranian law, which provides for limiting certain inspections, including on suspicious military sites, if US sanctions are not lifted, “exists and will be applied” from February 23, regretted the director general of the Agency. International Atomic Energy International, Rafael Grossi, on his return to Vienna after “intensive consultations” in Tehran.
“Access will be reduced, let’s not hide our face, but we will be able to maintain the necessary degree of monitoring and verification,” he said. “It saves the situation immediately.”
Under the terms of this three-month “technical bilateral agreement” which may be suspended at any time, the number of on-site inspectors thus remains unchanged and unannounced checks will remain possible.
“Of course, to achieve a stable situation, it will take political negotiation, and that is not my responsibility,” added Mr Grossi.
– “No records” –
For its part, Iran had mentioned earlier discussions “fruitful”, while the director of the IAEA met the President of the Iranian Atomic Energy Organization (OIEA), Ali Akbar Salehi, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs Mohammad Javad Zarif.
Mr. Grossi will be able “to fulfill his obligation to show that the Iranian nuclear program remains peaceful”, promised the head of the Iranian diplomacy in a statement to Press TV, the channel in English of the state television.
According to Iranian Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araghchi, “inspections will be reduced by around 20-30% after the law is implemented.” “This certainly does not mean a withdrawal from the agreement” of 2015.
On the other hand, Iran will not provide the “recordings relating to the activities and equipment” of several sites, as provided for by the law passed by Parliament in December, the OIEA said in a statement, apparently referring to data from the cameras. monitoring. “If the sanctions are completely lifted within three months, this information will be communicated to the IAEA, otherwise it will be deleted forever.”
The Vienna agreement, concluded with the 5 + 1 group (United States, France, Germany, Great Britain, Russia, China), provides for a gradual lifting of sanctions in exchange for the guarantee that Iran would not acquire of the atomic weapon. Even if the Islamic Republic has always denied having such intentions.
After the unilateral American withdrawal and the reinstatement of the sanctions that strangle the Iranian economy, Iran however freed itself, from 2019, from several limits that it had agreed to impose on its nuclear program.
“Once everyone has done their part and fulfilled their obligations, then there will be (a resumption) of discussions,” Zarif repeated on Sunday.
– “Window of opportunity” –
Since the coming to power of Joe Biden, who said he was ready to return to the agreement left in 2018 by Donald Trump, the United States and Iran have been passing the buck on the question of who should take the first step .
In a gesture, Washington on Thursday accepted an invitation from Europeans to participate in talks on the subject. But the next day, the new White House host called on his allies to work together to respond to Iran’s “destabilizing activities” in the Middle East.
In this complex diplomatic context and while Iran and the United States have not had diplomatic relations since 1980, Tehran said it was examining the EU’s proposal for an “informal meeting”.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has called for seizing the “window of opportunity” to end the sanctions, a request he considers “legal and logical”.
In the Iranian press, the ultraconservative daily Kayhan hailed this weekend the law of Parliament, “a strategy” which showed the opposing camp that “breach of contract is costly”.
But the reformist newspaper Sharqa, on the contrary, doubted the effectiveness of this text. “The coming days are critical for Iran” and for the other countries party to the nuclear deal, he wrote.
#Iran #IAEA #reach #temporary #deal #maintain #surveillance