Representatives of the International Atomic Energy Agency Inspectorate (IAEA) have been authorized by the Iranian authorities to inspect nuclear facilities. However, permission is granted only temporarily.
Rafael Grosi, Director General of the Agency, said that an agreement had been reached after intensive two-day consultations in Tehran.
Iranian law will come into force on Tuesday to restrict inspections unless the sanctions imposed by former President of the United States of America Donald Trump are lifted, so access to the facilities will be restricted. The interim agreement will only be in force for 3 months, and official Tehran will be able to suspend it.
At the same time, Gross called the technical agreement a good result, which helped to stabilize the situation so that political discussions could continue at other levels.
In 2015, after lengthy negotiations, Iran and six world powers reached an agreement to limit Tehran’s nuclear program in exchange for lifting years of sanctions. Western leaders called the agreement a major milestone in international relations.
After the US withdrew from the nuclear deal in 2018 and renewed economic sanctions against Iran, Tehran is no longer meeting a number of the terms of the deal. Iranian President Hasan Rohani has announced that Tehran will once again fully comply with the terms of the nuclear deal, if the United States does.
In early 2021, Iran announced that it would begin enriching uranium to 20%. This is well above the maximum thresholds set out in the 2015 Nuclear Agreement text.
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