Friday, February 26, 2021

A comprehensive coup against Riyadh: the tribes of Ma’rib tend to peace


Sana’a | Far from any financial temptations, the Salvation Government in Sana’a has opened, in recent days, all channels of communication – official and others – with the tribes of Ma’rib, and renewed its call to the people of the province, who are involved in the fighting alongside the Saudi-Emirati alliance, to spare the city of more than two million people. Nesma, hundreds of thousands of them are displaced, the consequences of the conflict, opening the door to the return to Sana’a before the officials loyal to the outgoing president, Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi, be they military or civilians. Sanaa’s negotiation approach, which coincides with the advance of its forces towards the vicinity of the city of Marib from more than one direction, comes after the success of the Ansar Allah movement in concluding understandings with the Jadaan tribes, whose control extends over the districts of Majzar, Majdhal and Raghwan west of the city, and another with the Bani Abd tribe that controls On the Al-Abdiya district in the south of the governorate, large areas of those districts spared fighting. Despite Saudi Arabia’s bet on the position of the Murad tribe, which is a powerful force in the governorate and controls the districts of Rahba, al-Jouba, Jabal Murad, al-Mahliya and Harib, to stem the advance of the army and the “popular committees” on the southern fronts of the governorate, the leadership of Sana’a managed, at the beginning of last September, From the conclusion of a number of agreements with Murad tribes, including neutralizing large areas of the recently mentioned directorates, which fell under the control of the army and the “popular committees”, except for some areas, while fighting intensified with Hadi’s forces, with the support of “Murad” fighters loyal to Saudi Arabia, In parts of the Jabal Murad district.

Sanaa’s experience in removing barriers between it and the tribes of Ma’rib and reaching binding agreements with them is not new. During the past years, it was able to conclude several agreements with the tribes of Jahm and Bani Jabr, which are spread in the two districts of Dabda and Harib al-Qarameesh, which are located on contact with the districts east of Sana’a, in addition to the control of “Bani Jabr” over the Directorate of Sarwah. With the arrival of the confrontations on the lands of the Ubaida tribe, whose influence extends from the vicinity of the city of Ma’rib to Wadi Ubaidah, Safer and Al-Ruwaik near the Al-Wadiah outlet linking Saudi Arabia and Yemen, Sanaa finally opened all channels of communication with “Ubaidah” whose leader, Sheikh Mohsen bin Ali bin My sponsor, before his death in 2018, the leader of the “Ansar Allah” movement, Abdul-Malik Al-Houthi, with a poem in which he expressed his tribe’s readiness to receive the army and the “committees” and fight with them to liberate Marib. According to a tribal source who spoke to Al-Akhbar, the Sana’a government was able to reach agreements with a number of sheikhs of the Ubaidah tribe during the past few days, to spare a number of areas of the tribe from confrontations. The source pointed out that «recent agreements were reserved and not officially announced in the interest of the safety of the parties, and it will be implemented as soon as the army and committees reach the areas concerned», adding that «communication and negotiation are still continuing between Sanaa and a number of Ma’rib tribes, through sheikhs to guarantee them weight Big before me ».

Sanaa’s experience in removing the barriers between it and the new Ma’rib tribes is not

Concerning this, it is expected that Sana’a will succeed in turning the tables on the “coalition” and the Hadi government from within, especially since the response of the Marib tribes to the calls for “rescue” did not come out of a vacuum, but rather as a result of cumulative mistakes that the “Islah” party (the Brotherhood) committed against the tribes over a period of six years. Where he controlled by force the revenues and wealth of the province, and tried to subjugate an area that had not previously been subject to any central or local authorities over the past decades. Hence, it is unlikely that the Saudi threats and the temptations of the tribes cooperating with the “Ansar Allah” will be of any benefit, because the “reform” militia committed the most heinous crimes against the tribes during the past three years. They raided the homes of the “Ashraf” at the beginning of 2019 with tanks, bombed farms, burned homes, and wiped out Last year, the Sabayyan family fought the Hatik family, the Shabwan family, the Jalal family, the Muthanna family, and other tribes descended from “Ubaidah”, which controls the entire eastern half of the governorate.
Finally, the “coalition” raised the level of its threats against the tribes cooperating with the forces of Sana’a, and strengthened its pressure on others whose leaders considered loyal to it to force them to deny the agreements concluded with the army and the “committees”. Likewise, the Hadi forces leadership directed its members not to abide by any agreements of this kind. Days after it deliberately thwarted a new agreement concluded with the Sheikh of Al-Zour region, Muhammad Ali Taiman, east of the Serwah front, the aggression planes launched dozens of raids on the area, turning it into a battlefield that lasted for several days after Hadi forces stormed its outskirts, before the confrontations ended with the control of the army and » Commissions »on them. Also under Saudi pressure, Hadi’s forces broke a tribal agreement in effect for years between Sanaa and the tribes of Bani Dabyan and Khawlan, to neutralize large areas extending from Khawlan, west of the capital, Sanaa, to the eastern regions of Sarwah. According to a tribal source, Hadi’s forces, with Saudi air support, violated the peace agreement in the Al-Rak region, east of Sarwah, on Saturday evening, trying to open a new front extending from eastern Sirwah to western Sana’a, and seeking to control the last two areas in Wadi Dhanna, Hasan Mutawil and Rak, which are located It contains hundreds of displaced families, which led to violent confrontations that lasted for hours, and ended with the fall of the area under the control of Sana’a forces.
The attempts of Saudi Arabia and Hadi’s forces to thwart any agreements concluded in Marib reflect their fears of a sudden tribal coup against them, the failure of the policy of inducement and containment that they used among “Ubaidah” and “Murad” during the past period, and the division of tribes that fought in the ranks of Hadi’s forces with direct Saudi support, As a result of the confiscation of 120 million Saudi riyals, which Riyadh handed over to a number of sheikhs loyal to it in Marib to move the Murad front, and it was not disbursed to tribal fighters late last year, in addition to accusing the tribes, “Islah” and Saudi Arabia, of deliberately liquidating their sons with friendly raids, after repeated during the past months Against positions that were under the control of tribal militants.

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