Mogadishu – The political track in Somalia has entered a more ambiguous phase as a result of President Muhammad Abdullah Farmajo’s adherence to be a party to any possible solution to the current crisis related to holding the elections that have been postponed, amid major objections from the states of Jubaland and Puntland, which no longer recognize its legitimacy, which puts the country in front of threatening scenarios The country’s fragile stability.
There is a state of political tension in Somalia, as a result of disagreements between the government on the one hand, and regional leaders and the opposition on the other hand, over some details of the mechanism for holding parliamentary and presidential elections, while some observers refer to external parties in causing the disruption that occurs.
Somali political circles criticize the adoption of the Farmajo government in the policy of regional axes, and have repeatedly warned of the Qatari-Turkish role in sabotaging the country’s vital relations with balanced Arab countries that play a major role in helping it overcome the period of instability that it has witnessed for nearly three decades.
The country has passed a deadline that was set to hold elections by February 8, when Farmajo was supposed to step down, which led to a constitutional crisis. The current president and the leaders of the federal states have not yet been able to resolve their differences over how to hold the ballot, after hopes of holding the first elections since 1969 by direct suffrage were abandoned due to security and political problems.
Jubaland, one of the five major regions in the country, on Sunday reiterated its refusal to participate in Farmajo in the talks aimed at breaking the impasse reached by the election of a new president. She said in a statement that the president “must be outside the election process and must not have a role in the election process in order for there to be confidence in it on the part of the main participants.”
This announcement exacerbates instability in the country, which is run by a fragile federal government, and where the hardline youth movement is increasingly active, with official authorities controlling only part of Somali territory despite the support provided by the African Union force in Somalia (AMISOM).
The leaders of the two federated states, Jopaland and Puntland, announced earlier this month that they no longer recognize the incumbent president, whose term expired two weeks ago. The elections were to be held on the basis of a complex system of indirect voting that was used in the last elections and based on the selection of tribal sheikhs for voters who choose the representatives, who in turn choose the president.
Last September, Farmajo and the leaders of the five regions reached an agreement under which an electoral system through universal suffrage, which gives a vote to each voter, was abandoned, while offering a common path towards elections.
Observers of the Somali issue say that the Horn of Africa country is approaching an unpredictable region, in the event that its political leaders do not urgently agree on how to proceed with holding delayed elections.
Among the most prominent points of contention between the government and the heads of the federal regions is the formation of electoral commissions in addition to the Gedo region, which has political disputes between the government and the head of the local state of Jubaland. The root of the problem in the region goes back to the elections that took place last August, when the re-election of its current president, Ahmed Muhammad Islam (pro-Kenya), resulted in a third term. The Somali government rejected the results of those elections.
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